Wednesday, December 11, 2013

Guest Post & Giveaway: Becca Puglisi on Where Do Character Strengths Come From?

By Becca Puglisi
for Cynthia Leitich Smith's Cynsations

Quick, name a favorite literary or movie character. Now, what is it about him/her that’s so appealing?

In all likelihood, the reason you love that character is because he or she embodies a trait that you value: Atticus Finch’s bravery, George Bailey’s selflessness, James Bond’s charisma.

It’s not surprising that these icons landed in the top ten of AFI’s Top 100 Heroes and Villains list. While flaws play a part in eliciting reader empathy, it is a character’s ability to overcome his weakness that inspires the audience.

And what enables the hero to win the day? Usually, it’s his positive attributes—his persistence, confidence, responsibility, or ambition—that allow him to succeed. This is why it’s crucial that we pick the right attributes for our characters.

But how do you know which ones are a good fit for your hero? Fully-realized characters, like real people, aren’t formed out of the air. They’re a result of many different elements that come together to make the character who he is in the current story.

When determining which attributes your character will embrace, consider the following influencers:

Past Factors

Genetics: Since this one is simple, we’ll get it out of the way first. Some traits, like intelligence, talent, and creativity, are simply handed-down through DNA. Having a character share a trait with his mother, grandfather, or even a distant uncle can add believability to his embodiment of that trait.

Upbringing and Caregivers: Everything about your character’s first role models will influence him, from their personal values to the way they spoke to him to the amount and quality of time they spent with him.

If his relationship with his caregivers was positive, he may adopt their attributes as his own as a way of showing respect. If the relationship wasn’t great, he may shun the qualities that they espoused so as to create distance. Family dynamics play a huge role in forming personality; this should definitely be taken into consideration when choosing positive attributes for your hero.

Negative Experiences: While these wounding events from the past are most often associated with the formation of flaws, positive attributes can develop from them, too. The victim of a vicious attack may become cautious and alert because of it. The boy whose father never kept his word may grow up to value honesty. The oldest child of a neglectful parent may learn, by necessity, to embrace maturity and resourcefulness.

Without a doubt, flaws do tend to form when we experience these traumatizing events, but positives can come out of them, too. Keep that in mind when mining your character’s backstory for potential strengths.

Present Factors

Physical Environment: A character who grew up in the mountains is going to have a different perspective than someone who was raised in the big city. Americans tend to value things that Parisians or Brazilians or even Canadians don’t. Physical environments are formative—the ones from the past, and even the place where your character lives now. A southern belle who moves to downtown Chicago is likely going to experience some personality shifts during her transition.

Your character’s environment will subtly influence the kind of person that she becomes; choose her living places deliberately so her attributes will make sense to readers.

Peers: At certain points in life, your character’s peers will become her biggest influencers. Through her desire to please them and be accepted, she may adopt some of their values for her own. Sometimes, she may become like them out of a genuine respect for their beliefs and a desire to embrace them for herself.

Like caregivers, past and present peers can greatly impact who your character becomes, so take them into consideration.

Values and Ethics: This one is a biggie, because, in my opinion, it overrides all of the other factors.

The bottom line: your character will adopt or reject attributes based on what he or she believes. Does she place a high value on her reputation and what others think? Then she will likely espouse propriety and discretion while rejecting uninhibitedness. Your character’s morals and personal beliefs will play a powerful role in the formation of her strengths. If you want her to make sense to readers, make sure that her values, ethics, and positive attributes line up.

In Summary

Every character needs some strong positive qualities so she’ll be capable of reaching her goals and drawing in readers. While the easiest method would be to pick and choose random attributes, doing so will result in a character that lacks authenticity.

To avoid this, explore your hero’s backstory. Dig into these developmental factors to learn as much about them and their effect on your hero as possible. With this kind of information, you’ll be able to create a realistic and well-rounded protagonist armed with the qualities she needs to succeed.

And who knows? Maybe she’ll end up on somebody’s Top 10 List someday.

About Becca Puglisi 

Becca Puglisi is the co-creator of The Bookshelf Muse, an award winning online resource for writers. She has also authored a number of nonfiction resource books for writers, including The Emotion Thesaurus: A Writer's Guide to Character Emotion; The Positive Trait Thesaurus: A Writer's Guide to Character Attributes; and The Negative Trait Thesaurus: A Writer's Guide to Character Flaws.

A member of SCBWI, she leads workshops at regional conferences, teaches webinars through WANA International, and can be found online at her Writers Helping Writers website.

Cynsations Giveaway

Enter to win a PDF copy of The Positive Trait Thesaurus: A Writer's Guide to Character Attributes. Eligibility: international. Author sponsored.

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7 comments:

Pat Kahn's Childsplay said...

Thanks so much for posting and offering this giveaway. The Emotion Thesaurus is invaluable. Looking forward to reading the other two.

Angela Ackerman said...

The more we learn about a character's past, the more we see what made them who they are. Deep characterization through thinking about who and what influenced a character really creates a meaningful and authentic hero. Great post Becca, and thanks for having us here, Cynthia!

Angela

Becca Puglisi said...

Thanks, Pat, for your kind words about The Emotion Thesaurus. I'm so glad you've found it useful!

Anne Bromley said...

Thank you for this post. I have gained so much from the Emotion Thesaurus. These new books will be just as valuable.

Becca Puglisi said...

Anne, I'm so glad The Emotion Thesaurus has come in handy for you!

Jeri Baird said...

I also have the Emotion Thesaurus and keep it close, especially as I revise. Very helpful!

I love the idea of using genetics. Already thinking of how my MC can be strengthened by having him share a negative trait with his dad. I hadn't thought of it quite like that.

Brilliant suggestions!

Angela Becca said...

So glad that idea is going to come in handy for you, Jeri. I'm creating a new character right now, one who's relationship with her mother has been largely dysfunctional. I wanted there to be something redeeming about the mother's role, so I included a genetic component that she could share with her daughter; this way, she can contribute something positive. Best of luck!

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